Prevalence of human papillomavirus and Epstein-Barr virus DNA in children
Tonsillar and adenoidal hypertrophy are prevalent otolaryngologic disorders in children, but their pathogenesis is largely unknown. The presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA in 146 tonsil and/or adenoid tissue specimens from 104 Chinese children with tonsillar and/or adenoidal hypertrophy were screened using flow-through hybridization gene-chip technology and real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR. Then, the relationships between the prevalence of the viruses and other clinical characteristics of tonsillar and/or adenoidal hypertrophy were analyzed. No patient had HPV DNA. EBV DNA was detected in 19/42 (45.2%) tonsil tissues and 72/104 (69.2%) adenoid tissue specimens (P < 0.05). EBV DNA was not related to the patients' age, gender, disease course, or nationality, but children positive for EBV were less likely to snore; 14/15 (93.3%) patients who did not snore and 59/89 (66.3%) patients who snored were EBV positive. EBV DNA, but not HPV DNA was detected in Chinese children with tonsillar and/or adenoidal hypertrophy. Adenoid tissues might more susceptible than tonsil tissues to EBV infection. In addition, EBV infection did not aggravate snoring in patients with tonsillar and/or adenoidal hypertrophy.
Xue XC, Chen XP, Yao WH, Zhang Y, Sun GB, Tan XJ. Prevalence of human papillomavirus and Epstein-Barr virus DNA in Chinese children with tonsillar and/or adenoidal hypertrophy. J Med Virol. 2014 June Postgraduate Education College, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, China.