Natural coral calcium carbonate as alternative substitute in bone defects of the skull
A biomaterial derived from natural corals with surgical applications is the calcium carbonate Biocoral. Since 1992 the author has been using this material as a bone graft substitute in maxillofacial surgery. Eighty-nine clinical implantations were done in 68 patients for different indications. The results suggested that coral grafts are well tolerated and are simultaneously partially ossified as the calcified skeleton is resorbed. Clinical cases show that use of this material has been successful.
Soost F, Reisshauer B, Herrmann A, Neumann HJ Natural coral calcium carbonate as alternative substitute in bone defects of the skull Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir. (Article in German) 1998 March Klinik und Poliklinik für Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie/Plastische Operationen, Universitätsklinikum Charité, Medizinische Fakultät, Humboldt-Universität Berlin.