Cerebral cortex, hippocampus, striatum and cerebellum show differential susceptibility to quinolinic
Quinolinic acid (QA) is a NMDA receptor agonist implicated in pathological conditions, such as neurodegenerative diseases and epilepsy. Time-course responses of different brain regions after QA i.c.v. infusion are not known. We aimed to investigate the time-course effects of QA infusion on oxidative stress-related parameters on different brain regions. In cerebral cortex, QA infusion promoted an early (1 h) decrease of NPSH levels and GR activity followed by a later increase in ROS production (8 h) and TBARS detection (24-72 h). In the hippocampus, QA promoted an increase in ROS production that lasted 8 h. Striatal tissue presented a later increase in ROS generation (8-72 h) after QA infusion. In the cerebellum, an increase in the GPx activity after 8 h was the only effect observed. These results show that oxidative stress induced by QA i.c.v. infusion is region and time dependent.
Cerebral cortex, hippocampus, striatum and cerebellum show differential susceptibility to quinolinic acid-induced oxidative stress Neurol Sci. 2015 March