Resolvins and Protectins to Help Combat Atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis is a complex disease process in which genetic, lipid, cellular, and immunological factors combine to determine the location, severity, and timing of lesion development and clinical events. It has been demonstrated, however, that inflammation governed atherosclerosis during the course of development of atherosclerosis. It has also been demonstrated to be effective to decrease the cardiovascular events and improve the prognosis of atherosclerotic diseases by regulating inflammatory reaction (e.g., statins). However, endogenous mechanisms of limiting inflammation in atherosclerosis are still unclear. Recent studies showed that lipoxidase/leukotrienes (LOX/LTs) pathway played important role in the ignition and development of atherosclerosis, whereas resolvins (E-series resolvins and D-series resolvins) and protectins [protectin D1 (PD1) and neuroprotectin D1 (NPD1)], endogenous lipid-derived mediators, inhibited inflammation through pro-resolution and counter-modulating immune inflammation reaction in atherosclerosis. Hence, we hypothesize that increased endogenous lipid mediators mentioned above play a vital role in anti-atherosclerosis and plaque stabilization through pro-resolution and anti-inflammation by LOX/LTs pathway. In addition, we predict that the endogenous lipid mediators may be a new target for treatment of atherosclerotic diseases.
Chen Y, Wang J, Nie R, Zhou S. Endogenous pro-resolving and anti-inflammatory lipid mediators: the new hope of atherosclerotic diseases. Med Hypotheses. 2008 August Department of Cardiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510120, Guangdong, China.