Indole-3-carbinol and its diindole condensation product 3-3'-diindolylmethane are dietary phytochemicals that have striking anticarcinogenic properties in human cancer cells. Molecular, cellular, physiological, and clinical studies have documented that both indole-3-carbinol and 3-3'-diindolylmethane have potent endocrine modulating activities through a myriad of mechanisms. The focus of this review is to discuss the evidence that directly links the anticancer actions of these two indole compounds to the control of steroid receptor and growth factor receptor signaling.
Firestone GL, Sundar SN. Minireview: modulation of hormone receptor signaling by dietary anticancer indoles. Mol Endocrinol. 2009 December Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, The University of California at Berkeley, 94720-3200, USA