The moderating role of underlying predictors of survival in patients with brain stroke: a statistical modeling
Determining subclinical Brain stroke (BS) risk factors may allow for early and more operative BS prevention measures to find the main risk factors and moderating effects of survival in patients with BS. In this prospective study, a total of 332 patients were recruited from 2004 up to 2018. Cox's proportional hazard regressions were used to analyze the predictors of survival and the moderating effect by introducing the interaction effects. The survival probability 1-, 5- and 10-year death rates were 0.254, 0.053, and 0. 023, respectively. The most important risk factors for predicting BS were age category, sex, history of blood pressure, history of diabetes, history of hyperlipoproteinemia, oral contraceptive pill, hemorrhagic cerebrovascular accident. Interestingly, the age category and education level, smoking and using oral contraceptive pill moderates the relationship between the history of cerebrovascular accident, history of heart disease, and history of blood pressure with the hazard of BS, respectively. Instead of considerable advances in the treatment of the patient with BS, effective BS prevention remains the best means for dropping the BS load regarding the related factors found in this study.
Sci Rep. 2020 Sep 28;10(1):15833. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-72814-w. PMID: 32985561; PMCID: PMC7522261.