The microbiome and ophthalmic disease.
This review describes a growing body of research on relationships between the microbiome and eye disease. Several groups have investigated the microbiota of the ocular surface; dysregulation of this delicate ecosystem has been associated with a variety of pro-inflammatory states. Other research has explored the effects of the gastrointestinal microbiota on ophthalmic diseases. Characterizing the ways these microbiotas influence ophthalmic homeostasis and pathogenesis may lead to research on new techniques for managing ophthalmic disease.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2019 Apr;244(6):419-429. doi: 10.1177/1535370218813616. Epub 2018 Nov 21.