The delaying effect of alpha-glycerophosphocholine on senescence, transthyretin deposition, and osteoarthritis in senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 mice.
Administration of alpha-glycerophosphocholine (GPC), a choline compound in food, is expected to contribute to human health. In this study, we evaluated its effect on aging in senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) mice. Male SAMP8 mice had free access to a commercial stock diet and drinking water with or without GPC (0.07 mg/ml). Mice in the GPC group had significantly lower total senescence grading score than that of the control group at 36 weeks of age. Administration of GPC decreased the deposition of transthyretin (TTR), an amyloidogenic protein, in the brain. Aggregated TTR activated microglia and led to neuroinflammation. Thus, GPC would protect the brain by reducing TTR deposition and preventing neuroinflammation. In a histological study of knee joints, it was found that SAMP8 mice administered GPC showed decreased joint degeneration. These results suggest that GPC delays the aging process and may be a useful compound in anti-aging functional food development.