Study Title:

Research Findings on Overactive Bladder

Study Abstract

Several physiopathologic conditions lead to the manifestation of overactive bladder (OAB). These conditions include ageing, diabetes mellitus, bladder outlet obstruction, spinal cord injury, stroke and brain injury, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, interstitial cystitis, stress and depression. This review has discussed research findings in human and animal studies conducted on the above conditions. Several structural and functional changes under these conditions have not only been observed in the lower urinary tract, but also in the brain and spinal cord. Significant changes were observed in the following areas: neurotransmitters, prostaglandins, nerve growth factor, Rho-kinase, interstitial cells of Cajal, and ion and transient receptor potential channels. Interestingly, alterations in these areas showed great variation in each of the conditions of the OAB, suggesting that the pathophysiology of the OAB might be different in each condition of the disease. It is anticipated that this review will be helpful for further research on new and specific drug development against OAB.
KEYWORDS:
Ageing; Bladder outlet obstruction; Brain injury; Depression; Diabetes mellitus; Interstitial cystitis; Multiple sclerosis; Parkinson's disease; Spinal cord injury; Stress; Stroke

Study Information


Research Findings on Overactive Bladder
Curr Urol.
2015 May

Full Study

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26195957