Relationship between nutrition and reproduction.
Methods: This study investigated the relationship between nutrition and reproduction with a focus on factors that cause aging, including oxidation, glycation, and chronic inflammation. A large volume of data concerning each nutrient's relationship with reproductive medicine was collected from a number of observational studies.
Main findings: The results showed that refined carbohydrates should be avoided and care should be taken to achieve proper intake of omega-3 fatty acids. Folic acid and vitamin D were also effective. For men, antioxidant measures are especially effective. The effects of antioxidants are related to insulin resistance, which causes chronic inflammation.
Conclusion: Recent research has shown that rather than meal content, meal intervals are more important for improving insulin resistance. Future research should examine lifestyle-related nutrition factors and their relationships to reproductive treatment.
Reprod Med Biol. 2020 Jun 15;19(3):254-264. doi: 10.1002/rmb2.12332. PMID: 32684824; PMCID: PMC7360971.