Quercetin, a flavonoid found in various foodstuffs, has antioxidant properties and increases glutathione (GSH) levels and antioxidant enzyme function. Considerable attention has been focused on increasing the intracellular GSH levels in many diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Amyloid beta-peptide [Aβ(1–42)], elevated in AD brain, is associated with oxidative stress and neurotoxicity. We aimed to investigate the protective effects of quercetin on Aβ(1–42)-induced oxidative cell toxicity in cultured neurons in the present study. Decreased cell survival in neuronal cultures treated with Aβ(1–42) correlated with increased free radical production measured by dichlorofluorescein fluorescence and an increase in protein oxidation (protein carbonyl, 3-nitrotyrosine) and lipid peroxidation (protein-bound 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal). Pretreatment of primary hippocampal cultures with quercetin significantly attenuated Aβ(1–42)-induced cytotoxicity, protein oxidation, lipid peroxidation and apoptosis. A dose–response study suggested that quercetin showed protective effects against Aβ(1–42) toxicity by modulating oxidative stress at lower doses, but higher doses were not only non-neuroprotective but also toxic. These findings provide motivation to test the hypothesis that quercetin may provide a promising approach for the treatment of AD and other oxidative-stress-related neurodegenerative diseases.
Mubeen Ahmad Ansariabc, Hafiz Mohammad Abdulab, Gururaj Joshiab, Wycliffe O. Opiiab, D. Allan Butterfieldabc. Protective effect of quercetin in primary neurons against Aβ(1–42): relevance to Alzheimer's disease. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. 2009 April Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA.