Protective effect of 7,3',4'-flavon-3-ol (fisetin) on acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in vitro and in vivo.
Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose is a leading cause of drug-induced acute liver failure in clinic. Fisetin (FST) is a phenolic compound that has been isolated from many natural products.
Our aim is to study the protection effect and mechanisms of FST on APAP-induced hepatotoxicity in endogenous metabolism and metabolomics in vitro and in vivo.
FST was i.g. administered to mice at 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg for 7 days and a single dose of APAP (400 mg/kg) was given on the last day. Serum and tissue were collected for biochemical analysis. L-02 cells were used to assess cell viability. LC-MS was used to study the metabolic fingerprinting in vivo and vitro. PCA and OPLS-DA were used to search the potential biomarkers (VIP > 1, p < 0.05). The pathway analysis was conducted on Metaboanalyst 4.0. Then liver oxidative stress indices and glutathione markers were examined using PCR and kits.
ALT, AST, liver histological observation and cell viability results showed that FST could reverse APAP induced toxicology in mice and L-02 cells. In metabolomics study, 26 metabolites in vitro and 60 metabolites in vivo were identified by searching in the library and most of them decreased to normal level in FST treatment. It is observed in pathway analysis that the most significant pathway was glutathione metabolism. Furthermore, the results of mRNA and immunofluorescence showed that FST suppressed ROS formation in liver tissue and L-02 cells, as well as restored the expression of GPX1, GST and other antioxidative enzymes genes.
Our results indicate that FST prevented APAP-induced hepatotoxicity by regulating glutathione metabolism and the expression of related antioxidative signals.
Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier GmbH.
Acetaminophen; Fisetin; Glutathione; Hepatotoxicity; Metabolomics
Phytomedicine. 2019 Feb 19;58:152865. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2019.152865. [Epub ahead of print]