Study Title:

Postprandial hypotension in older adults: Can it be prevented by drinking water before the meal?

Study Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:
An important consequence of ageing is a tendency for postprandial blood pressure to decline, which can lead to fainting. As a possible countermeasure, we investigated in healthy older adults the impact of drinking water before a breakfast meal on postprandial cardiovascular and autonomic functions.
METHODS:
After a stable cardiovascular baseline recording for at least 20 min, twelve older adult (67 ± 1 y) test subjects ingested, in a crossover study design, either 100 mL or 500 mL of tap water over 4 min, which was followed by the consumption of the test breakfast meal (1708 kJ) over a period of 15 min. Then, cardiovascular recordings were resumed for 90 min after the meal. Eleven young (25 ± 1 y) and healthy subjects served as a control group. Measurements included beat-to-beat blood pressure, heart rate, impedance cardiography and autonomic variables.
RESULTS:
In older adults, systolic and diastolic blood pressure started to decline around 30 min after the meal, with the lowest values around 60 min; these effects were not observed in the young control group. Postprandial systolic blood pressure decreased between 30 and 90 min to a greater extent in response to 100 mL than to 500 mL (-6.4 vs. -3.3 mmHg, P < 0.05). Drinking 500 mL of water tended to increase stroke volume, cardiac output and vagal markers to a greater extent than 100 mL.
CONCLUSIONS:
Our data suggest that drinking a large volume (500 mL) of water before a meal may attenuate postprandial hypotension in older adults.
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.
KEYWORDS:
Blood pressure; Contractility; Prevention; Total peripheral resistance

Study Information


Postprandial hypotension in older adults: Can it be prevented by drinking water before the meal?
Clin Nutr.
2015 October

Full Study

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25277381