Pediatric Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by peripheral insulin resistance and a failure of beta cells to compensate, leading to hyperglycemia. While once considered an adult pathology, it is increasing in prevalence in children. Risk factors for children are similar to those in adults: ethnicity, family history, obesity, and sedentary lifestyle. However, presentation and management differ from adults with the disorder. Children with diabetes (of any kind) are at an increased risk of many complications of the disease. Early recognition, screening, and treatment of children with type 2 diabetes mellitus are important for prevention of long-term complications from the disease.
2020 Nov 20. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan–. PMID: 28613700.