Patients with mild enteropathy have apoptotic injury of enterocytes similar to that in advanced ente
Severity of villous atrophy in celiac disease (CeD) is the cumulative effect of enterocyte loss and cell regeneration. Gluten-free diet has been shown to benefit even in patients having a positive anti-tissue transglutaminase (tTG) antibody titre and mild enteropathy.
We explored the balance between mucosal apoptotic enterocyte loss and cell regeneration in mild and advanced enteropathies.
Duodenal biopsies from patients with mild enteropathy (Marsh grade 0 and 1) (n=26), advanced enteropathy (Marsh grade ≥2) (n=41) and control biopsies (n=12) were subjected to immunohistochemical staining for end-apoptotic markers (M30, H2AX), markers of cell death (perforin, annexin V), and cell proliferation (Ki67). Composite H-scores based on the intensity and distribution of markers were compared.
End-apoptotic markers and marker of cell death (perforin) were significantly up-regulated in both mild and advanced enteropathies, in comparison to controls; without any difference between mild and advanced enteropathies. Ki67 labelling index was significantly higher in crypts of mild enteropathy, in comparison to controls, suggesting maintained regenerative activity in the former.
Even in patients with mild enteropathy, the rate of apoptosis is similar to those with advanced enteropathy. These findings suggest the necessity of reviewing the existing practice of not treating patients with mild enteropathy.
Copyright © 2016 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Advanced enteropathy; Celiac disease; Crypt regeneration; Gluten-free diet; Mild enteropathy; Mucosal apoptosis; Villous abnormality
Patients with mild enteropathy have apoptotic injury of enterocytes similar to that in advanced enteropathy in celiac disease.
Dig Liver Dis.