Grape Seed Extract Helps Platelets of Male Smokers
Epidemiological studies suggest that a high dietary intake of flavanols, a subclass of flavonoids, is associated with reduced risk of vascular disease. Clinical studies have also shown that the consumption of certain flavanol-rich foods (e.g., cocoa, tea, red wine), as well as intake of the individual flavanol (-)-epicatechin, can result in improvement in a number of parameters associated with vascular disease, including improved endothelial function, reduced platelet reactivity, and reduced oxidative stress. The present study assessed the effects of a flavanol-rich supplement on platelet reactivity and plasma oxidant defense in a group of smokers, a population at an elevated risk for vascular disease. Male smokers were randomly assigned to a placebo (n = 10) or a flavanol-rich grapeseed extract (FRGSE; n = 13) group, and after an overnight fast, blood samples were collected before and at 1, 2, and 6 hours following consumption of the placebo or supplement. The FRGSE supplement, but not the placebo, significantly decreased ADP-stimulated platelet reactivity at 1, 2, and 6 hours following intake (P < .05) compared to baseline levels. Similarly, the supplement, but not the placebo, decreased epinephrine-stimulated platelet reactivity 2 hours following consumption. Plasma antioxidant capacity (total radical trapping antioxidant potential), lipid oxidation (plasma thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances), and serum uric acid concentrations were not affected in either group. Thus smokers may obtain some health benefits from the consumption of certain flavanol-rich foods, beverages, and supplements.
Polagruto JA, Gross HB, Kamangar F, Kosuna K, Sun B, Fujii H, Keen CL, Hackman RM. Platelet reactivity in male smokers following the acute consumption of a flavanol-rich grapeseed extract. J Med Food. 2007 December Department of Family and Consumer Science, Sacramento City College, Sacramento, CA, USA.