Drug-induced osteoporosis: mechanisms and clinical implications.
Drug-induced osteoporosis is common and has a significant impact on the prognosis of patients suffering from chronic debilitating diseases. Glucocorticoids are the drugs causing osteoporotic fractures most frequently, but osteoporosis with fractures is observed also in women treated with aromatase inhibitors for breast cancer, in men receiving anti-androgen therapy for prostate cancer, in postmenopausal women treated with high doses of thyroxine, and in men and women treated with thiazolinediones for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Bone loss with fractures also occurs in patients treated with drugs targeting the immune system, such as calcineurin inhibitors, antiretroviral drugs, selective inhibitors of serotonin reuptake, anticonvulsants, loop diuretics, heparin, oral anticoagulants, and proton pump inhibitors.
Mazziotti G, Canalis E, Giustina A. Drug-induced osteoporosis: mechanisms and clinical implications. Am J Med. 2010 October Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Brescia, Montichiari, Italy.