Dietary advanced glycation end products and their relevance for human health.
Due to their bioactivity and harmful potential, advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are discussed to affect human health. AGEs are compounds formed endogenously in the human body andexogenously, especially, in foods while thermal processing. In contrast to endogenous AGEs, dietary AGEs are formed in much higher extent. However, their risk potential is also depending on absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination. For over 10 years an intense debate on the risk of dietary AGEs on human health is going on. On the one hand, studies provided evidence that dietary AGEs contribute to clinical outcomes. On the other hand, human studies failed to observe any association. Because it was not possible to draw a final conclusion, the call for new interdisciplinary approaches arose. In this review, we will give an overview on the current state of scientific knowledge in this field. In particular, we focus on (I) the occurrence of AGEs in foods and the daily uptake of AGEs, (II) contribution to endogenous levels and (III) the effect on health-/disease-related biomarkers in humans.
Ageing Res Rev. 2018 Nov;47:55-66. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2018.06.005. Epub 2018 Jun 30. PMID: 29969676.