Curcumin and other dietary polyphenols: potential mechanisms of metabolic actions and therapy for diabetes and obesity
Recent controversy regarding the therapeutic potential of curcumin indicates the challenges to research in this field. Here, we highlight the investigations of curcumin and other plant-derived polyphenols that demonstrate their application to metabolic diseases, in particular, obesity and diabetes. Thus, a number of preclinical and clinical investigations have shown the beneficial effect of curcumin (and other dietary polyphenols) in attenuating body weight gain, improving insulin sensitivity, and preventing diabetes development in rodent models and prediabetic subjects. Other intervention studies with dietary polyphenols have also found improvements in insulin resistance. Recent studies suggest that the metabolic effects of curcumin/polyphenols are linked to changes in the gut microbiota. Thus, research into curcumin continues to provide novel insights into metabolic regulation that may ultimately translate into effective therapy.
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab . 2018 Mar 1;314(3):E201-E205. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00285.2017. Epub 2017 Oct 31.