Cordycepin suppresses glutamatergic and GABAergic synaptic transmission through activation of A1 adenosine receptor in rat hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons.
Cordycepin (known as 3-deoxyadenosine, CRD), a natural product from the valuable traditional Chinese medicine Cordyceps militaris, has been reported to improve cognitive function and modulate neuroprotective effects on the central nervous system (CNS). However, the modulating mechanisms of cordycepin on information processing in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons are not fully understood. To clarify how cordycepin modulates synaptic responses of pyramidal neurons in rat hippocampal CA1 region, we conducted an electrophysiological experiment using whole-cell patch-clamp technique. The spontaneous and miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs and mEPSCs, respectively) and the spontaneous and miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSCs and mIPSCs, respectively) recorded by this technique evaluated pure single or multi-synapse responses and enabled us to accurately quantify how cordycepin influenced the pre and postsynaptic aspects of synaptic transmission. The present results showed that cordycepin significantly decreased the frequency of both glutamatergic and GABAergic postsynaptic currents without affecting the amplitude, while these inhibitory effects were antagonized by the A1 adenosine receptor antagonist (DPCPX), but not the A2A (ZM 241385), A2B (MRS1754) and A3 (MRS1191) adenosine receptor antagonists. Taken together, our results suggested that cordycepin had a clear presynaptic effect on glutamatergic and GABAergic transmission, and provided novel evidence that cordycepin suppresses the synaptic transmission through the activation of A1AR.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2022 Jan;145:112446. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2021.112446. Epub 2021 Nov 19. PMID: 34808556.