Study Title:

Cinnamaldehyde Ameliorates Vascular Dysfunction in Diabetic Mice by Activating Nrf2

Study Abstract

Background: Oxidative stress is known to be associated with the development of diabetes. Cinnamaldehyde (CA) is a spice compound in cinnamon that enhances the antioxidant defense against reactive oxygen species (ROS) by activating nuclear factor erythroid-related factor 2 (Nrf2), which has been shown to have a cardioprotection effect. However, the relationship between CA and Nrf2 in diabetic vascular complications remains unclear.

Methods: Leptin receptor-deficient (db/db) mice were fed normal chow or diet containing 0.02% CA for 12 weeks. The vascular tone, blood pressure, superoxide level, nitric oxide (NO) production, renal morphology, and function were measured in each group.

Results: CA remarkably inhibited ROS generation, preserved NO production, increased phosphorylated endothelial nitric oxide synthase (p-eNOS), attenuated the upregulation of nitrotyrosine, P22 and P47 in aortas of db/db mice, and apparently ameliorated the elevation of type IV collagen, TGF-β1, P22, and P47 in kidney of db/db mice. Feeding with CA improved endothelium-dependent relaxation of aortas and mesenteric arteries, and alleviated the remodeling of mesenteric arteries in db/db mice. Additionally, dietary CA ameliorated glomerular fibrosis and renal dysfunction in diabetic mice. Nrf2 and its targeted genes heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and quinone oxidoreductase-1 (NQO-1) were slightly increased in db/db mice and further upregulated by CA. However, these protective effects of CA were reversed in Nrf2 downregulation mice.

Conclusions: A prolonged diet of CA protects against diabetic vascular dysfunction by inhibiting oxidative stress through activating of Nrf2 signaling pathway in db/db mice.

© American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd 2020. All rights reserved.

Study Information

Am J Hypertens . 2020 Apr 3;hpaa024. doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpaa024. Online ahead of print.

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