Study Title:

Celiac disease and eosinophilic esophagitis: a true association

Study Abstract

Celiac disease (CD) and eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) are distinct disorders with specific clinico-pathological characteristics. Recent reports suggest an association between the 2. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of EE among children diagnosed with CD in our institution in the last 8 years.
Princess Margaret Hospital in Western Australia is the state's only pediatric referral center and the Department of Anatomic Pathology handles almost all of the pediatric gastrointestinal biopsy specimens. All of the children who had histological confirmation of CD between January 2000 and November 2007 were identified. Among this cohort, those who had concurrent esophageal biopsies performed were obtained and those with histology consistent with EE identified. The slides of all of these cases were reviewed. Case notes of children with CD and EE were reviewed for demographic details, symptoms, endoscopic findings, and follow-up data.
Among the total of 250 children diagnosed with CD during the study period, 121 had concurrent esophageal biopsies. Ten children had histological findings consistent with EE, although only 7 had endoscopic findings suggestive of EE. Median eosinophil count in these esophageal biopsies was 52 per high power field (range 23-80). Four children had follow-up endoscopies and all 4 demonstrated recovery of duodenal mucosa but persistent esophageal eosinophilia on gluten-free diet. In 3 children resolution of EE occurred after specific treatment of EE.
The prevalence of EE in this cohort of children with CD is at least 4%. This is likely to be an underestimation because only 121 of 250 children had concurrent esophageal biopsies. Coexistent EE should be kept in mind in children undergoing endoscopy for suspected CD, and esophageal biopsies should be obtained, irrespective of whether esophageal mucosa appears normal or abnormal at endoscopy.

Study Information

Celiac disease and eosinophilic esophagitis: a true association
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr.
2010 April

Full Study