Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents with Subclinical Hypothyroidism.
Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is a commonly encountered entity in day-to-day clinical practice and has been associated with adverse cardiovascular risk profile in adults and children. Data on children and adolescents with SCH, from India, are limited.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
This study was a cross-sectional case-control study, conducted at a tertiary care center in Northeast India. Twenty-seven children and adolescents aged 11 ± 2.4 years with SCH and thyroid-stimulating hormone >7.5 mIU/L were included in the study along with 20 age-, gender-, and height-matched controls. Multiple clinical, biochemical, and radiological cardiovascular risk factors were assessed and compared between the two groups.
Body mass index (BMI) (P = 0.048), waist circumference (P = 0.008), waist to height ratio (P = 0.007), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = 0.04), triglycerides (TGs) (P = 0.038), TGs to high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol ratio (P = 0.005), non-HDL cholesterol (P = 0.019), fasting insulin (P = 0.006), and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (P = 0.007) were found to be significantly higher while free T4 (P = 0.002) and HDL cholesterol (P = 0.019) were found to be significantly lower in SCH subjects compared to controls. On multiple regression analysis, BMI was found to have significant association with multiple cardiovascular risk factors.
Children and adolescents with SCH were found to have adverse cardiovascular risk profile. Long-term follow-up studies are required to assess the clinical significance of these findings and requirement for therapy.
Carotid intima-media thickness; high-sensitivity C-reactive protein; homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; insulin; waist to height ratio
Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Nov-Dec;21(6):823-829. doi: 10.4103/ijem.IJEM_153_17.