Atorvastatin in nano-particulate formulation abates muscle and liver affliction when coalesced with coenzyme Q10 and/or vitamin E in hyperlipidemic rats
Materials and methods: Male Wistar rats were fed normal diet or high-fat diet for 12 weeks, following which rats were treated with either (i) atorvastatin (5 or 20 mg/kg/day, p.o.) or (ii) atorvastatin with CoQ10 (10 mg/kg/day, p.o.) (iii) and/or vitamin E (30 mg/kg/day, p.o.) in free particle or nanoparticle forms for another 4 weeks. In all rats, serum total cholesterol (CH), triglycerides (TGs), low (LDL) and high (HDL) density lipoproteins, alanine (ALT) and aspartate (AST) transaminases, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), creatine kinase (CK), albumin (ALB), as well as hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) and antioxidants "reduced glutathione (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD)" were measured. Additionally quadriceps muscles and liver tissues were used for histopathological examination.
Key findings: The antihyperlipidemic effect of statins was not altered when formulated as nanoparticles; albeit the former showed a prominent reduction in the liver and muscle enzymes and histopathological alterations together with a marked decline in the oxidative stress as compared to the free particulate form. These results were augmented when atorvastatin was combined with CoQ10 and/or Vit.E.
Significance: Nanoparticulate formulation alleviated the statins induced liver and muscle damage especially when combined with CoQ10 and/or Vit.E.
Life Sci . 2018 Jun 15;203:129-140. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2018.04.034. Epub 2018 Apr 23.