Association between thyroid dysfunction and venous thromboembolism in the elderly: a prospective cohort study.
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) and subclinical thyroid dysfunction (SCTD) are both common in elderly patients. SCTD has been related to a hypercoagulable state and an increased thromboembolic risk. However, prospective data on the relationship between SCTD and VTE are lacking.
To investigate the relationship between SCTD and recurrent VTE (rVTE), all-cause mortality, and thrombophilic biomarkers. Patients Elderly patients with VTE were studied.
In a prospective multicenter cohort, thyroid hormones and thrombophilic biomarkers were measured 1 year after acute VTE, as both may be influenced by acute thrombosis. We defined subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo) as elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels (4.50-19.99 mIU L(-1) ), and subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHyper) as TSH levels of < 0.45 mIU L(-1) , both with normal free thyroxine levels. Outcomes were incidence of rVTE and overall mortality during follow-up starting after the 1-year blood sampling.
Of 561 participants (58% with anticoagulation), 6% had SHypo and 5% had SHyper. After 20.8 months of mean follow-up, 9% developed rVTE and 10% died. The rVTE incidence rate was 7.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.7-19.2) per 100 patient-years in SHypo participants, 0.0 (95% CI 0.0-7.6) in SHyper participants, and 5.9 (95% CI 4.4-7.8) in euthyroid participants. In multivariate analyses, the sub-hazard ratio for rVTE was 0.00 (95% CI 0.00-0.58) in SHyper participants and 1.50 (95% CI 0.52-4.34) in SHypo participants as compared with euthyroid participants, without increased levels of thrombophilic biomarkers. SHyper (hazard ratio [HR] 0.80, 95% CI 0.23-2.81) and SHypo (HR 0.99, 95% CI 0.30-3.29) were not associated with mortality.
In elderly patients, SHyper may be associated with lower rVTE risks. SHypo showed a non-statistically significant pattern of an association with rVTE, without increased mortality or differences in thrombophilic biomarkers.
© 2016 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.
cohort studies; hyperthyroidism; hypothyroidism; thyroid diseases; venous thromboembolism
J Thromb Haemost. 2016 Apr;14(4):685-94. doi: 10.1111/jth.13276. Epub 2016 Mar 23.