A Lack of TSH Impedes Bone Formation
METHODS: Seventy-four postmenopausal women with low BMD (T-score < or =-2.5) and differentiated thyroid carcinoma on long-term TSH-suppressive therapy (TSH > or =0.05 and < or =0.1 microU/mL) for about 3-9 years were selected for the study. The patients were divided into three groups according to the length of levothyroxine (LT(4)) treatment prior to the beginning of the study: group A (TSH-suppressive therapy for about 3 years), group B (for about 6 years), and group C (for about 9 years). These patients were compared with 74 matched women not taking LT(4). All patients and controls were treated with bisphosphonates, calcium, and vitamin D for 2 years and evaluated.
RESULTS: After 24 months of treatment group A showed a 7.8% increase in lumbar BMD; group B, a 4.6% increase; and group C, a 0.86% increase. In the control group BMD increased 8.2%. A significant difference was found in both lumbar and femoral BMD increase among the three groups: group C had a lower BMD increase than group A (p < 0.001) and B (p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: In postmenopausal women who were receiving adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D in their diet ALN was less effective for those who were also receiving TSH-suppressive doses of LT(4) for either 6 or 9 years. The positive effect of ALN on BMD was less for longer periods of LT(4) treatment. It seems likely that other bisphosphonates would also be less effective in increasing BMD in postmenopausal women receiving TSH-suppressing doses of LT(4).
Panico A, Lupoli GA, Fonderico F, Marciello F, Martinelli A, Assante R, Lupoli G.
Osteoporosis and thyrotropin-suppressive therapy: reduced effectiveness of alendronate.
Department of Endocrinology and Molecular and Clinical Oncology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.