Polymethoxyflavonoids Tangeretin and Nobiletin Help Overcome Chemo Drug Resistance
Effects of polymethoxyflavonoids tangeretin and nobiletin and the related polyphenolic compounds baicalein, wogonin, quercetin, and epigallocatechin gallate on the cell growth, P-glycoprotein function, apoptosis, and cell cycle of human T lymphoblastoid leukemia MOLT-4 and its daunorubicin-resistant cells were investigated. The IC50 values of these compounds on the cell growth were 7.1-32.2 micromol/L, and the inhibitory effects were observed to be almost equal to the parent MOLT-4 and the daunorubicin-resistant cells. Tangeretin and nobiletin showed the strongest effects with the IC50 values of 7.1-14.0 micromol/L. These polymethoxyflavonoids inhibited the P-glycoprotein function and significantly influenced the cell cycle (p<.05), whereas they did not induce apoptosis.
Ishii K, Tanaka S, Kagami K, Henmi K, Toyoda H, Kaise T, Hirano T. Effects of naturally occurring polymethyoxyflavonoids on cell growth, p-glycoprotein function, cell cycle, and apoptosis of daunorubicin-resistant T lymphoblastoid leukemia cells. Cancer Invest. 2010 March Department of Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo, Japan.