Study Title:

The epidemiology of thyroid disease.

Study Abstract

INTRODUCTION:
Thyroid disorders are prevalent and their manifestations are determined by the dietary iodine availability.

SOURCES OF DATA:
Data from screening large population samples from USA and Europe.

AREAS OF AGREEMENT:
The most common cause of thyroid disorders worldwide is iodine deficiency, leading to goitre formation and hypothyroidism. In iodine-replete areas, most persons with thyroid disorders have autoimmune disease.

AREAS OF CONTROVERSY:
Definition of thyroid disorders, selection criteria used, influence of age and sex, environmental factors and the different techniques used for assessment of thyroid function.

GROWING POINTS:
Increasing incidence of well-differentiated thyroid cancer. Environmental iodine influences the epidemiology of non-malignant thyroid disease.

AREAS TIMELY FOR DEVELOPING RESEARCH:
Iodine supplementation of populations with mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency. An evidence-based strategy for the risk stratification, treatment and follow-up of benign nodular thyroid disease. Is there any benefit in screening adults for thyroid dysfunction?

Study Information

Br Med Bull. 2011;99:39-51. doi: 10.1093/bmb/ldr030.

Full Study

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21893493/