Saponins as adipokines modulator: A possible therapeutic intervention for type 2 diabetes.
Development of type 2 diabetes has been linked to β-cell failure coupled with insulin resistance and obesity. Adipose tissue, known as the fat store, secretes a number of hormones and proteins collectively termed adipokines some of which regulate insulin sensitivity. Dysregulation in the secretion of adipokines has been linked to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. In this review, we summarized evidence of the role of adipokines with focus on leptin, adiponectin, adipsin, visfatin and apelin in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and discussed the potential of saponins to modify the ill-regulated adipokines secretions, which could promote the use of this class of phytochemicals as potential antidiabetics agents. KEYWORDS: Adipokines; Adipose tissue; Antidiabetic; Insulin resistance; Obesity
World J Diabetes. 2017 Jul 15;8(7):337-345. doi: 10.4239/wjd.v8.i7.337.