Study Title:

Postoperative opioids, endocrine changes, and immunosuppression.

Study Abstract

Opioids are among most effective drugs for managing acute postoperative pain. This article discusses the potential effects of perioperative opioids on endocrine and immune function.

PMID:
29756086
PMCID:
PMC5902248
DOI:
10.1097/PR9.0000000000000640

Study Information

Pain Rep. 2018 Feb 23;3(2):e640. doi: 10.1097/PR9.0000000000000640. eCollection 2018 Mar.

Full Study

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29756086