Lactoferrin Inhibits LPS-Induced Adverse Changes to Fat Metabolism
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of oral lactoferrin (LF) administration on lipid metabolism changes in calves given lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Twenty-one 4-day-old Holstein calves were divided into three groups, with each group receiving one of three oral doses of LF (0, 1, 3 g/day) for 10 consecutive days (day -10 to day -1). All calves were intravenously injected with LPS (50 ng/kg BW) on day 0, the day after LF treatment ended. Plasma triglyceride concentrations were lower (P < 0.05) in the LF-treated calves than in the control calves given 0 g/day of LF at 12 and 24 h after LPS injection. Plasma NEFA concentrations were elevated between 6 and 24 h after LPS treatment. At 12 h, the concentration of plasma NEFA was lower (P < 0.05) in the calves given LF 3 g/day than in the control calves. On day 0, plasma total cholesterol and phospholipid concentrations tended to be lower in the LF groups administered 1 and 3 g of LF/day than in the control group, but did not differ significantly among the groups. The plasma very-low-density and low-density lipoprotein concentrations were lower (P < 0.05) at 12, 24, and 72 h in the LF groups than in the control calves. The concentrations of plasma high-density lipoprotein tended to be lower in the LF groups than in the control group between day 0 and 96 h, though there were no significant group differences. The concentration of plasma interleukin-1beta was lower (P < 0.05) in the calves fed LF 3 g/day than in the control calves at 2 and 12-48 h after LPS injection. These data suggest that LF inhibits LPS-induced alterations in lipid metabolism in preruminant calves.
Kushibiki S, Shingu H, Komatsu T, Itoh F, Moriya N, Touno E, Oshibe A, Hodate K. Influence of orally administered bovine lactoferrin on lipid metabolism in lipopolysaccharide-injected preruminant calves. Anim Sci J. 2009 June Department of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Tsukuba, Japan.