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Study Title:

Hydration status after exercise affect resting metabolic rate and heart rate variability.

Study Abstract

Introduction: Heart rate variability and resting metabolic rate are commonly to assess athlete's physiological status and energy requirements. Exercise-induced dehydration can reach up to 5% of body mass per hour. Consequently, dehydration may have a profound physiological effect on human's homeostasis.

Objectives: To compare the effects of dehydration and rehydration after exercise on heart rate variability and resting metabolic rate in college athletes.

Methods: 14 college athletes were divided into a dehydration group (n=7) and a rehydration group (n=7), both submitted to basal (T1) heart rate variability and resting metabolic rate measurements. After basal measurements both groups were actively dehydrated (-3.4 ± 0.4% of body mass for both groups). Afterwards, dehydration group rested, while rehydration group receive a fluid intake (during a 3 h period) equivalent to 150% of body mass loss achieved during active dehydration. Four hours after active dehydration heart rate variability and resting metabolic rate were re-assessed (T2).

Results: At T2 both rehydration group (+13%) and dehydration group (+30%) achieve a significant (p<0.05) increase in resting metabolic rate, however, only dehydration group ..showed a significant reduction in heart rate variability. More so, the change in resting metabolic rate was significantly higher in dehydration group compared to rehydration group.

Discussion: Hydric homeostasis after exercise affects resting metabolic rate and heart rate variability, highlighting the necessity to control hydration state before resting metabolic rate and heart rate variability assessment.

Study Information

Nutr Hosp. 2014 Dec 17;31(3):1273-7. doi: 10.3305/nh.2015.31.3.8523. PMID: 25726222.

Full Study

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25726222/
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