Study Title:

Thyroid dysfunction and anemia in a large population-based study.

Study Abstract

Anemia and thyroid dysfunction are common and often co-occur. Current guidelines recommend the assessment of thyroid function in the work-up of anemia, although evidence on this association is scarce.
In the "European Prospective Investigation of Cancer" (EPIC)-Norfolk population-based cohort, we aimed to examine the prevalence and type of anemia (defined as hemoglobin <13 g/dl for men and <12 g/dl for women) according to different thyroid function groups.
The mean age of the 8791 participants was 59.4 (SD 9.1) years and 55.2% were women. Thyroid dysfunction was present in 437 (5.0%) and anemia in 517 (5.9%) participants. After excluding 121 participants with three most common causes of anemia (chronic kidney disease, inflammation, iron deficiency), anemia was found in 4.7% of euthyroid participants. Compared with the euthyroid group, the prevalence of anemia was significantly higher in overt hyperthyroidism (14.6%, P < .01), higher with borderline significance in overt hypothyroidism (7.7%, P = .05) and not increased in subclinical thyroid dysfunction (5.0% in subclinical hypothyroidism, 3.3% in subclinical hyperthyroidism). Anemia associated with thyroid dysfunction was mainly normocytic (94.0%), and rarely macrocytic (6.0%).
The prevalence of anemia was higher in overt hyperthyroidism, but not increased in subclinical thyroid dysfunction. Systematic measurement of thyroid-stimulating hormone in anemic patients is likely to be useful only after excluding common causes of anemia.
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Anemia; Hyperthyroidism; Hypothyroidism; Thyroid diseases

Study Information

Thyroid dysfunction and anemia in a large population-based study.
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf).
2015 December

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