Study Title:

The Prevalence of Restless Legs Syndrome in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Study.

Study Abstract

Restless legs syndrome is a sensory-motor disorder that causes sleep disorder. The syndrome in patients undergoing hemodialysis associates with depression, sleep deprivation, performance disorder, day fatigue, excessive daytime sleepiness, stress, anxiety, and higher risk of cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this systematic meta-analysis study was to estimate prevalence of restless legs syndrome in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

METHODS:
Twenty-six relevant articles published between 2000 and 2015 indexed in Iranian (MagIran and IranMedex) and international databases (SID, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, PubMed, Pre Quest, and Scopus) were selected. Data analysis was carried out through meta-analysis (random effect model) and heterogeneity of the studies was determined using I2 index. The obtained data were analyzed in STAT (11.2).

RESULTS:
Prevalence of the syndrome according to the found articles was 50% (95% CI: 38-61) in Iranian and 30% (95% CI:23-37) in international databases. There was an ascending trend of prevalence of the syndrome corresponding to the publication year of the articles (P=0.419), while the trend based on age of the patients was descending (P=0.604). However, the variations were not significant.

CONCLUSION:
Given the high prevalence and considerable effects of restless legs syndrome on patients undergoing hemodialysis, it is recommended that these patients be screened for the syndrome.

KEYWORDS:
Hemodialysis; Meta-analysis; Restless legs syndrome

Study Information

Basic Clin Neurosci. 2017 Mar-Apr;8(2):105-112. doi: 10.18869/nirp.bcn.8.2.105.

Full Study

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28539994