Study Title:

The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway: a critical review.

Study Abstract

From a critical review of the evidence on the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway and its mode of action, the following conclusions were reached. (1) Both local and systemic inflammation may be suppressed by electrical stimulation of the peripheral cut end of either vagus. (2) The spleen mediates most of the systemic inflammatory response (measured by TNF-α production) to systemic endotoxin and is also the site where that response is suppressed by vagal stimulation. (3) The anti-inflammatory effect of vagal stimulation depends on the presence of noradrenaline-containing nerve terminals in the spleen. (4) There is no disynaptic connection from the vagus to the spleen via the splenic sympathetic nerve: vagal stimulation does not drive action potentials in the splenic nerve. (5) Acetylcholine-synthesizing T lymphocytes provide an essential non-neural link in the anti-inflammatory pathway from vagus to spleen. (6) Alpha-7 subunit-containing nicotinic receptors are essential for the vagal anti-inflammatory action: their critical location is uncertain, but is suggested here to be on splenic sympathetic nerve terminals. (7) The vagal anti-inflammatory pathway can be activated electrically or pharmacologically, but it is not the efferent arm of the inflammatory reflex response to endotoxemia.
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KEYWORDS:
Vagus inflammation reflex

Study Information


The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway: a critical review.
Auton Neurosci.
2014 May

Full Study

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24411268