Study Title:

Quercetin Helps Prevent Periodontal Bone Loss

Study Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of quercetin, a flavonol that exhibits anti-inflammatory properties, on experimental periodontal destruction in rats.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Osteoclast formation on maxillary palatal alveolus was induced with daily lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injections (0, 1 or 5 mg/mL) for 3 d. Five days later, the osteoclasts on bony surfaces were counted after histochemical staining for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase. The effect of intragastric quercetin on the osteoclast formation was evaluated in the following three groups: quercetin (75 mg/kg/d by oral feeding), LPS (5 mg/mL), and quercetin plus LPS. Moreover, the effect of quercetin on the ligature-induced periodontitis around maxillary second and mandibular first molars was further evaluated by microcomputerized tomography (on days 0, 4, 8 and 12) and by histometry (on day 8).

RESULTS: A dose-dependent increase in osteoclasts occurred after LPS injections. However, quercetin (75 mg/kg) reduced the 5 mg/mL LPS-induced osteoclasts. Using microcomputerized tomography, the bone crest levels at ligation sites were found to be significantly more apical than at the control sites on days 8 and 12; however, the apically located bone crests rebounded in rats from the quercetin-plus-ligation group. Histometry demonstrated significantly more coronal alveolar crest bone levels, less inflammatory cell-infiltrated connective tissue areas and less connective tissue attachments in the ligation-plus-quercetin group compared with those in the ligation group.

CONCLUSION: As the quercetin could reduce the LPS-induced osteoclast formation and the ligature-enhanced periodontal inflammation and bone loss, we suggest that it may have an ameliorative effect on periodontal destruction.

Study Information

Cheng WC, Huang RY, Chiang CY, Chen JK, Liu CH, Chu CL, Fu E.
Ameliorative effect of quercetin on the destruction caused by experimental periodontitis in rats.
J Periodontal Res.
2010 December
Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, National Defense Medical Center and Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

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