Study Title:

Pyrroloquinoline quinone-conferred neuroprotection in rotenone models of Parkinson's disease

Study Abstract

Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), a redox cofactor in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, has proven to protect neurons against glutamate-induced damage both in vitro and in vivo. This study was aimed to investigate the possible neuroprotective effects of PQQ in rotenone-induced Parkinson's disease (PD) model. Pre-treatment with PQQ prevented cultured SH-SY5Y cells from rotenone-induced apoptosis, accompanied by modulation of apoptosis-related proteins (Bcl-2, Bax and Smac), restoration of the mitochondrial membrane potential, inhibition of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, suppression of tyrosine residues nitration, and dopamine redistribution. PQQ also exerted protective effects in an in vivo PD model, which was created by rotenone injection into the medial forebrain bundle of rats. Co-injection with PQQ and rotenone improved the apomorphine-evoked rotation, decreased neuronal loss, increased the ROS-scavenging ability, regulated intracellular expressions of mitochondrial complex subunits (Ndufs1-4), tyrosine hydroxylase, and vesicular monoamine transporter 2. Taken together, our results collectively suggest that PQQ confers neuroprotection in rotenone-induced PD model probably through complex and multifaceted mechanisms, at least involving oxidative stress, mitochondrial integrity, and dopamine functions.

Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
KEYWORDS:

Dopamine; Neuroprotection; Parkinson’s disease (PD), Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), Reactive oxygen species (ROS), Rotenone

Study Information


Pyrroloquinoline quinone-conferred neuroprotection in rotenone models of Parkinson's disease
Toxicol Lett.
2015 November

Full Study

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26276080