Pterostilbene Inhibits Melanoma
METHODS: Melanoma cells were treated with increasing doses of pterostilbene, IP6, or combinations thereof. Cell viability was measured at 24 hours, 48 hours, and 72 hours using a MTT assay. Caspase activity and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and t tests were used for statistical analysis.
RESULTS: Pterostilbene inhibits melanoma growth in vitro in association with increased effector caspase activity. Combination treatment with inositol hexaphosphate produces synergistic growth inhibition, greater than either treatment alone.
CONCLUSIONS: Pterostilbene produces caspase-dependent apoptosis in melanoma cell lines. Combination treatment with IP6 produces synergistic growth inhibition. Both compounds have significant potential for a therapeutic role in the treatment of melanoma.
Schneider JG, Alosi JA, McDonald DE, McFadden DW.
Effects of pterostilbene on melanoma alone and in synergy with inositol hexaphosphate.
Am J Surg.
Department of Surgery, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA.