Study Title:

NF-KappaB Activation Needed for BDNF-Driven New Nerve Growth

Study Abstract

For a given cell type, particular extracellular signals generate characteristic patterns of activity in intracellular signalling networks that lead to distinctive cell-type specific responses. Here, we report the first known occurrence of a developmental switch in the intracellular signalling network required for an identical cellular response to the same extracellular signal in the same cell type. We show that although NF-kappaB signalling is required for BDNF-promoted neurite growth from both foetal and postnatal mouse sensory neurons, there is a developmental switch between these stages in the NF-kappaB activation mechanism and the phosphorylation status of the p65 NF-kappaB subunit required for neurite growth. Shortly before birth, BDNF activates NF-kappaB by an atypical mechanism that involves tyrosine phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha by Src family kinases, and dephosphorylates p65 at serine 536. Immediately after birth, BDNF-independent constitutive activation of NF-kappaB signalling by serine phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha and constitutive dephosphorylation of p65 at serine 536 are required for BDNF-promoted neurite growth. This abrupt developmental switch in NF-kappaB signalling in a highly differentiated cell type illustrates an unsuspected plasticity in signalling networks in the generation of identical cellular responses to the same extracellular signal.

Study Information

Gavaldà N, Gutierrez H, Davies AM.
Developmental switch in NF-{kappa}B signalling required for neurite growth.
2009 September

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