Long-term outcome following selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor induced neonatal abstinence syndr
To assess the long-term neurodevelopment of children exposed in utero to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) that developed a neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS).
Neurodevelopmental evaluation was performed at the age of 2 to 6 years. Children who developed NAS were compared with those who did not using univariate and logistic regression analyses.
Thirty children with NAS and 52 without NAS participated in the study. Both groups were similar in mean cognitive ability (106.9±14.0 vs 100.5±14.6, P=0.12) and developmental scores (98.9±11.4 vs 95.7±9.9, P=0.21). However, there was a trend towards small head circumference in the NAS group (20 vs 6%, P=0.068). NAS was associated with an increased risk of social-behavior abnormalities (odds ratio (OR) 3.03, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.07 to 8.60, P=0.04) and advanced maternal age (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.25, P=0.04).
Infants who developed NAS had normal cognitive ability, but were at an increased risk for social-behavioral abnormalities. Follow-up evaluation of symptomatic neonates should be considered.
Long-term outcome following selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor induced neonatal abstinence syndrome