Study Title:

Long-term outcome following selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor induced neonatal abstinence syndr

Study Abstract

OBJECTIVE:
To assess the long-term neurodevelopment of children exposed in utero to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) that developed a neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS).
STUDY DESIGN:
Neurodevelopmental evaluation was performed at the age of 2 to 6 years. Children who developed NAS were compared with those who did not using univariate and logistic regression analyses.
RESULT:
Thirty children with NAS and 52 without NAS participated in the study. Both groups were similar in mean cognitive ability (106.9±14.0 vs 100.5±14.6, P=0.12) and developmental scores (98.9±11.4 vs 95.7±9.9, P=0.21). However, there was a trend towards small head circumference in the NAS group (20 vs 6%, P=0.068). NAS was associated with an increased risk of social-behavior abnormalities (odds ratio (OR) 3.03, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.07 to 8.60, P=0.04) and advanced maternal age (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.25, P=0.04).
CONCLUSION:
Infants who developed NAS had normal cognitive ability, but were at an increased risk for social-behavioral abnormalities. Follow-up evaluation of symptomatic neonates should be considered.

Study Information


Long-term outcome following selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor induced neonatal abstinence syndrome
J Perinatol.
2011 September

Full Study

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21311497/