Leptin has neuroprotective effects against ischemic damage
Circulating leptin crosses blood-brain barrier to provide control of feeding behavior and energy balance. We investigated changes in leptin and leptin receptor (ObR) in the gerbil hippocampal CA1 region (CA1) after transient cerebral ischemia, and examined effects of leptin on ischemic damage. In vehicle-treated ischemia (vehicle-ischemia) group, the number of survived neurons in the CA1 was 16.4% compared to vehicle-treated sham (vehicle-sham) group; however, in 1 mg/kg leptin-treated ischemia (leptin-ischemia) group, 77.5% of neurons of the CA1 has survived. In the vehicle-sham group, weak leptin immunoreactivity was detected in CA1 neurons. From 4 days post-ischemia, moderate leptin immunoreactivity was expressed in CA1 neurons. In the leptin-ischemia group, leptin immunoreactivity at 5 days post-ischemia was higher than the sham group. ObR immunoreaction in the sham group was hardly detected in any cells. From 2 days post-ischemia, ObR immunoreaction was expressed in microglia, showing the highest immunoreactivity at 5 days post-ischemia. Microglial activation in the leptin-ischemia group was hardly detected at 5 days post-ischemia; however, astrocytes in the group were slightly increased compared to the vehicle-ischemia group. These suggest that treatment of leptin has neuroprotective effects against ischemic damage, showing that ObR immunoreactivity is distinctly changed in the ischemic CA1.
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chuncheon 200-702, Republic of Korea Leptin's neuroprotective action in experimental transient ischemic damage of the gerbil hippocampus is linked to altered leptin receptor immunoreactivity. J Neurol Sci 2011 April