Heme deficiency selectively interrupts assembly of mitochondrial complex IV in human fibroblasts: re
Heme deficiency was studied in young and old normal human fibroblasts (IMR90). Regardless of age, heme deficiency increased the steady-state level of oxidants and lipid peroxidation and sensitized the cells to fluctuations in intracellular Ca(2+). Heme deficiency selectively decreased the activity and protein content of mitochondrial complex IV (cytochrome c oxidase) by 95%, indicating a decrease in successful assembly. Complexes I-III and catalase remained intact under conditions of heme deficiency, whereas ferrochelatase was up-regulated. Complex IV is the only hemeprotein in the cell that contains heme a, which may account for its susceptibility. The rate of removal and assembly of complex IV declines with age. These findings are relevant to worldwide iron deficiency in women and children and to an age-related decline in complex IV in Alzheimer's disease patients.
Heme deficiency selectively interrupts assembly of mitochondrial complex IV in human fibroblasts: revelance to aging J Biol Chem. 2001 December