Associations of plasma homocysteine levels with peripheral systolic blood pressure and noninvasive central systolic blood pressure in a community-based Chinese population.
Previous studies indicated that homocysteine (Hcy) is associated with higher peripheral systolic blood pressure (pSBP). There have been few data on the relationship between Hcy and central SBP (cSBP). A total of 4,364 Chinese subjects from the Shijingshan community in Beijing were included. cSBP and pSBP were measured with an Omron HEM-9000AI device. Subjects were 57.20 ± 8.9 years old, 37.9% were male. The median of Hcy was 11.96 μmol/L. The mean of cSBP and pSBP was 129.94 ± 18.03 mmHg and 133.25 ± 18.58 mmHg. lnHcy was associated with cSBP (adjusted β = 2.17, SE = 0.80, P = 0.007) and pSBP (adjusted β = 2.42, SE = 0.75, P = 0.001). With increasing Hcy, there were enhanced correlations of Hcy with pSBP and cSBP (p for trend between quartiles <0.01). Using Q1 for reference, the Q4 was associated with cSBP (adjusted β = 1.77, SE = 0.89, P = 0.047) and pSBP (adjusted β = 2.15, SE = 0.84, P = 0.011). The correlations were more significant in non-obese subjects than in obese subjects (cSBP: β = 4.30 vs 0.46, pSBP: β = 5.04 vs 1.18, P for interaction <0.001). Our study showed that Hcy was associated with higher cSBP and pSBP, especially in non-obese subjects.