Antioxidant defense in hypothyroidism
Oxidative stress as a result of disequilibrium between free radical generation and antioxidant status has been implicated in several pathologies including thyroid diseases. Studies on antioxidant status in overt (OHT) and subclinical hypothyroidism (SHT) are controversial and limited. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of OHT and SHT on antioxidant status. Thirty-six patients with OHT, 36 patients with SHT, and 39 healthy euthyroid subjects as the control group were included in the study. Plasma levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) as ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP), and erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), SOD/GPx ratios, catalase (CAT), and glutathione reductase (GR) were analyzed in all groups. MDA and GPx values were elevated, while GSH, FRAP, SOD, and SOD/GPx ratio were decreased in both patient groups compared with controls. No change in activities of CAT and GR were observed in both the patient groups. Significant differences were observed between OHT and SHT groups with high MDA, GPX and low GSH, FRAP, SOD, and SOD/GPx ratio in OHT group. Thus, hypothyroid patients have a deficient antioxidant defense in the form of decreased activity of SOD, decreased levels of FRAP and GSH along with an increase in GPx activity. The severity of the disease appears to decide the degree of deficiency and our findings also point to this, in the form of decrease in SOD, FRAP, and GSH observed being more in OHT than in SHT patients. Hormonal changes and increased lipid peroxidation, which also vary with severity of disease, appear to contribute to the antioxidant deficiency.
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Reddy VS1, Gouroju S, Suchitra MM, Suresh V, Sachan A, Srinivasa Rao PV, Bitla AR.
Antioxidant defense in overt and subclinical hypothyroidism.
Horm Metab Res.