Resolvin and Protectin Metabolites of DHA
DHA is the primary substrate for resolvins and protectins.
Study Title:Resolvin D1, protectin D1, and related docosahexaenoic acid-derived products: Analysis via electrospray/low energy tandem mass spectrometry based on spectra and fragmentation mechanisms.
Resolvin D1 (RvD1) and protectin D1 (Neuroprotectin D1, PD1/NPD1) are newly identified anti-inflammatory lipid mediators biosynthesized from docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). In this report, the spectra-structure correlations and fragmentation mechanisms were studied using electrospray low-energy collision-induced dissociation tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) for biogenic RvD1 and PD1, as well as mono-hydroxy-DHA and related hydroperoxy-DHA. The loss of H2O and CO2 in the spectra indicates the number of functional group(s). Chain-cut ions are the signature of the positions and numbers of functional groups and double bonds. The observed chain-cut ion is equivalent to a hypothetical homolytic-segment (cc, cm, mc, or mm) with addition or extraction of up to 2 protons (H). The alpha-cleavage ions are equivalent to: [cc + H], with H from the hydroxyl through a beta-ene or gamma-ene rearrangement; [cm - 2H], with 2H from hydroxyls of PD1 through a gamma-ene rearrangement, or 1H from the hydroxyl and the other H from the alpha-carbon of mono-HDHA through an alpha-H-beta-ene rearrangement; [mc - H], with H from hydroxyl through a beta-ene or gamma-ene rearrangement, or from the alpha-carbon through an alpha-H-beta-ene rearrangement; or [mm] through charge-direct fragmentations. The beta-ene or gamma-ene facilitates the H shift to gamma position and alpha-cleavage. Deuterium labeling confirmed the assignment of MS/MS ions and the fragmentation mechanisms. Based on the MS/MS spectra and fragmentation mechanisms, we identified RvD1, PD1, and mono-hydroxy-DHA products in human neutrophils and blood, trout head-kidney, and stroke-injury murine brain-tissue.
Hong S, Lu Y, Yang R, Gotlinger KH, Petasis NA, Serhan CN. Resolvin D1, protectin D1, and related docosahexaenoic acid-derived products: Analysis via electrospray/low energy tandem mass spectrometry based on spectra and fragmentation mechanisms. J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2007 January 18(1):128-44.
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