Heart Failure Rates on the Rise

Byron's Comments:

The rates rise in conjunction with widespread statin use, although this correlation was not tested in the study.

Study Title:

Hospitalizations For Heart Failure Among Seniors Rising In The US

Study Abstract:

From press release:

The number of older patients hospitalized for heart failure in the US has more than doubled in the last 27 years, which is perhaps not surprising considering that America’s population is aging and more people survive heart attacks and heart disease.

These findings were presented by study author Dr Longjian Liu, associate professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics of the Drexel University School of Public Health in Philadelphia, at the American Heart Association’s (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2008 in New Orleans over the weekend.

Liu found that the number of patients over the age of 65 hospitalized for heart failure in the US between 1980 and 2006 went up by 131 per cent. He also found the rate was higher among women than men and that the other two major forms of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease and stroke, did not show a significant increase in hospitalization rates.

Liu, who is the first to research US heart failure hospitalization rates over the last 27 years, said that that the prevention and treatment of heart failure was an urgent public health need “with national implications”.

“Both the number of patients hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of heart failure and age-adjusted hospitalization rates for heart failure have increased dramatically over the past 27 years,” said Liu.

Heart failure is when any part of the heart muscle becomes so weak that the heart can’t pump enough oxygen and nutrient-rich blood to the cells of the body. A person with heart failure feels fatigued and experiences shortness of breath and they struggle to get just through the day.

According to the AHA about 5.3 million people are living with heart failure in the US, where about 660,000 Americans are diagnosed with the condition every year.

For the study Liu accessed nationally representative data from 1980 to 2006 covering 2.2 million patients aged 65 recorded in the National Hospital Discharge Surveys. He searched for data on patients with a primary diagnosis of heart failure at hospital discharge and broke it down by gender and age into three age groups: 65 to 74, 75 to 85, and 85 and above. He then used census population data and statistical methods to estimate national hospitalization rates in terms of gender and time periods.

The estimates he produced suggested that:
The number of patients aged 65 and older who were hospitalized for heart failure went up from 348,866 in 1980 to 807,082 in 2006.

This a rise of 131 per cent over the 27 years.

Among men, the hospitalizations went up from 16.57 per 1,000 in 1980 to 22.87 in 2006.

Among women, the hospitalizations went up from 13.95 per 1,000 in 1980 to 19.58 in 2006.

The annual percentage increase among women was significantly higher than for men (55 versus 20 per cent).

The relative risk of being hospitalized due to heart failure was 1.37 times higher in 2002 to 2006 than it was in 1980 to 1984.

Patients aged between 75 and 84 were twice as likely to be hospitalized for heart failure than those between 65 and 74.

Patients aged 85 and over had four times more risk of being hospitalized for heart failure than patients aged 65 to 74.

Among the three major forms of cardiovascular disease, hospitalization rates of coronary heart disease and stroke have gone down since the mid 1980s.

This compares with a continuous and significant rise in hospitalization rates for heart failure since that time.
Liu said the crisis had not yet reached its peak and will probably rise further over the next decade or so, because the number of seniors aged 65 and older in the US is set to double to 70 million by the year 2030 when more than one in five Americans will be 65 or over.

“Because heart failure disproportionately affects the elderly, there is no doubt that the burden of heart failure will increase unless innovative strategies are implemented. The key is to prevent risk factors for the disease,” added Liu.

The risk factors for heart failure include lifestyle factors such as smoking, physical inactivity and a diet rich in fatty foods. They also include diseases like coronary heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, valvular heart disease, diabetes, obesity, stroke and high blood pressure. Liu said that preventing chronic kidney disease and pneumonia would also reduce heart failure risk.

“Heart failure hospitalization rates rise among nation’s seniors.”
Longjian Liu.
Abstract 3103, presented at the American Heart Association’s (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2008 in New Orleans on 9 November 2008.

Study Information:

Longjian Liu. Hospitalizations For Heart Failure Among Seniors Rising In The US American Heart Association's (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2008 in New Orleans. 2008 November 
Epidemiology and Biostatistics of the Drexel University School of Public Health in Philadelphia.




Related Entries: Brain Fatigue 101
Astonishing Benefits of Cranberries
Summer Heat Stress – More Than Just Dehydration
Chronic Active Epstein Barr Virus: Additional Tools for the Battle
Pine Nut Oil Reduces Inflammation, Clotting Risk, and Fatty Liver Congestion
New Findings with Epstein Barr Virus: The Sleeping Giant
Type 1 Diabetes: Risk Factor Alert
Disrupted Gut Clocks Linked with IBS, GERD, Obesity, and Other GI Concerns
Body Clocks and Weight Management – It’s All About Timing
Saturated Fat Myth – Debunked Again
Powerful Nutrition for Common Chemical Exposures
Endocrine Disruptor Compounds and Natural Solutions
Endocrine Disruptor Compounds and Your Hormones
Low Blood Pressure Linked with Brain Atrophy
Vitamin K, Leptin, AGEs, and Arthritis
Advanced Solutions for Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis: Good Oils versus Bad Oils and Inflammation
High Levels of Omega 6 Fatty Acids Found in Bones of Osteoarthritis Patients Worsens Joint Breakdown
Lipoic Acid Protects the Heart and Immune System from Acute Emotional Stress
Whiplash, Thyroid, and Adrenals
Brain Inflammation Now Documented in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Brain Protective Effects of Proathocyanidins
Nutrient Highlight: Discover the Best Form of Folate
Lutein and Zeaxanthin Offset Gene Weaknesses that Cause Macular Degeneration
Lycopene Builds Its Anti-Prostate Cancer Case
Carotenes Improve the Quality of Semen
Vitamin B12 as Methylcobalamin Repairs Nerves & Lowers Pain
Folic Acid Activates Neural Stem Cells for Brain Rejuvenation
Chromium Improves Insulin Function & Reduces Binge Eating
How Fiber and Niacin Protect Against Colon Inflammation and Cancer
Berries Have Anti-Aging Impact on Immune System
Strawberries Reduce Cardiovascular Risk
Friendly Flora Improves Fatty Liver Disease
Flavonoid Intake Improves Cardio Health in At-Risk Men
Polyphenols and Essential Fatty Acids Reduce Cardio Risk in Overweight People
Vitamin C Reduces the Risk for Hemorrhagic Stroke
Testosterone Therapy Increases Heart Attack Risk
Magnesium Intake Linked to Lower Cardiovascular Inflammation
Q10 Boosts Energy, Nerves, Muscles & Metabolism
Coenzyme Q10 Remarkably Improves Circulation
Tyrosine Helps Maintain Mental Ability Under Stress
Green Tea Extract Lowers Blood Pressure, Cholesterol, Blood Sugar & Inflammation
Poor Flexibility is a Sign of Stiff Arteries
A Sluggish Lymph System Causes Snoring & Sleep Apnea
DHA is Vital to Cardiovascular Wellness
Magnesium Supplements Lower Blood Pressure, Prevent Calcification
Magnesium for the Prevention of Heart Disease
Pomegranate Protects HDL Cholesterol from Damage
Pomegranate Blocks Flu Replication
Tocotrienols:  Twenty Years of Dazzling Cardiovascular and Cancer Research
Is Resveratrol the Fountain of Youth?
Grape Seed Extract Lowers Blood Pressure
Scientists Tout Resveratrol as a Primary Nutrient for Cardio Health
Leptin, Thyroid, and Weight Loss
Excess Appetite Causes Abdominal Fat
Low Energy? Detect Thyroid Related Fatigue
Curcumin Boosts AMPK Activation, Prevents Fatty Liver
Quercetin Activates Mitochondrial Biogenesis
Quercetin Guards Against Inflammation-Induced Bone Loss
Head Injuries Double or Triple the Risk of Early Death
Fatty Fish Consumption Lowers the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes by 33%
Flavonoids Continue to Show Potent Diabetes Prevention
Vitamin K2 Decreases Bone Loss in Postmenopausal Women
Cissus Quadrangularis Enhances Fracture Healing
Cissus Quadrangularis Reduces Exercise-Related Joint Pain
Nobiletin and Tangeretin Help Protect Against Bone Loss
Nobiletin and Tangeretin Inhibit Respiratory Virus
Oregano Oil Inhibits Biofilm Formation
Bromelain Helps Chronic Sinus Inflammation
Curcumin Demonstrates Potent Anti-Flu Properties
Quercetin Protects Brain and Body from Low Oxygen Stress
Ubiquinol Q10 Protects Against Magnified Tissue Injury
Ubiquinol Q10 Protects Eyes of Diabetic Patients
Limonene Promotes Healing of Digestive Lining
Magnesium Intake Reduces Mortality
Fiber is Vital for Cardio Health
Friendly Flora Boosts Weight Loss in Obese Women
Tocotrienols Help Correct Fatty Liver in Humans
Vitamin E Boosts Quality of Life for Alzheimer’s Patients
Astaxanthin Demonstrates Brain Protection & Rejuvenation
Top 10 Health Stories of 2013
Resveratrol’s Amazing Anti-Aging Effect on Circulation
Grape Seed Extract Normalizes Blood Pressure in Mild Hypertension Patients
Don’t Let Bacterial Infections Set Up Shop
Viral Replication Fueled by Sugar
Anti-Vitamin Propaganda Hits a Fever Pitch
Antacid Medications Cause Vitamin B12 Deficiency, Speed Aging
Men Should Take Folic Acid Prior to Conception to Prevent Birth Defects
Exercise Potently Reduces the Risk for Diseases of Aging
Fisetin Demonstrates Potent Bone Protection Properties
Green Tea (EGCG) Improves Body Weight and Autoimmune Arthritis
Low Midlife Iron Contributes to Declining Cognitive Function in Women
DHA Reduces Inflammation in Brains of Alzheimer’s Patients
Low Magnesium Linked to Poor Vitamin D Status
Vitamin D Lowers Depression and Nerve Pain in Women with Type 2 Diabetes
Adequate Vitamin D is Needed to Prevent Brain Damage
Nutrition Makes Anti-Aging Possible: Secrets of Your Telomeres
Acetyl-L-Carnitine and Lipoic Acid Rejuvenate Stressed Mitochondria
Low DHA and EPA Linked to Major Depression and Anxiety


Most Popular News:


Connect with Wellness Resources:

Connect on Facebook Follow us on Twitter Wellness Resources on Pinterest Wellness Resources YouTube Channel Get RSS News Feeds
Telecourse
bookstore
Thyroid and Metabolism
podcast
autoship