Estriol more Effective than Estradiol at Protecting Brain Cells

Byron's Comments:

Estriol may be the prefered form of estrogen for brain protection.

Study Title:

Effects of 17-beta estradiol and estriol on NMDA-induced toxicity and apoptosis in primary cultures of rat cortical neurons.

Study Abstract:

Estrogens possess neuroprotective and antiapoptotic properties, however, the issue of involvement of estrogen receptors (ER)-dependent genomic pathway in these effects still remains controversial. Moreover, the majority of data on antiapoptotic effects of estrogens concern non-neuronal cells. In the present study we compared effects of the potent ER agonist, estradiol-17beta (E2), and its metabolite with a weak affinity for ER, estriol, on the neurotoxicity induced by high (1 and 5 mM) NMDA concentrations and on the apoptosis induced by low (0.1 mM) concentration of NMDA in rat primary cortical neurons. The obtained data showed that 24-hour exposure of cortical neurons to NMDA (0.1-5 mM) resulted in a dose-dependent increase in LDH level. Twenty four-hour pretreatment with estriol (100 nM and 500 nM) reduced the NMDA (1 and 5 mM)-induced toxicity by 16-26%, while estradiol-17beta (500 nM) reduced NMDA (5 mM)- induced toxicity by 14%. Twenty four hour exposure of cortical neurons to NMDA (0.1 mM) resulted in decrease of the level of antiapoptotic protein - Bcl-2 by 60% and increased the number of apoptotic cells by 50% compared to the control. Twenty four hour pretreatment with estradiol-17beta or estriol (100 and 1000 nM) prevented the NMDA-induced apoptotic changes. The specific estrogen receptor antagonist ICI 182,780 (100 nM) had no effect alone and did not antagonize the effects of estrogens on NMDA-induced toxicity as well as on changes in Bcl-2 level. The higher efficacy of estriol, together with the fact that the specific ER receptor antagonist, ICI 182,780, did not inhibit the above-described effects support the hypothesis about a nongenomic mechanism of the anti-NMDA action of estrogens.

Study Information:

Kajta M, Budziszewska B, Marszał M, Lasoń W. Effects of 17-beta estradiol and estriol on NMDA-induced toxicity and apoptosis in primary cultures of rat cortical neurons. J Physiol Pharmacol.  2001 September 52(3):437-46.
Department of Endocrinology, Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow.

Full Study:

http://www.jpp.krakow.pl/journal/archive/0901/pdf/437_0901_article.pdf


Related Entries: Infections Linked to Autoimmune Thyroid Problems
Noni: Tropical Super Fruit – Powerful Support for the Immune System, Brain, Bones, and more
Enlarged Adenoids Linked with Food Allergies
Combat Ear Infections and Congestion Naturally
Glaucoma: Protecting Against a Silent, Devastating Disorder
Protect and Energize Your Immune System
GMOs, Roundup, and Sunscreen Linked with Diminished Brain Resiliency
Signs of Concussions and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
Sleep – Molecular Clean Up Time for the Brain
Artificial Sweeteners Provoke High Risk for Diabetes
Hypothyroidism, Brain Stress, and Season Changes
Alcohol, Adolescents, and Young Adults – A Neurological Disaster Waiting to Happen
GABA: Managing Brain Stimulation, Anxiety, and Other Consequences
Brain Fatigue: Fundamental Solutions
Brain Fatigue 101
Astonishing Benefits of Cranberries
Summer Heat Stress – More Than Just Dehydration
Chronic Active Epstein Barr Virus: Additional Tools for the Battle
Pine Nut Oil Reduces Inflammation, Clotting Risk, and Fatty Liver Congestion
New Findings with Epstein Barr Virus: The Sleeping Giant
Type 1 Diabetes: Risk Factor Alert
Disrupted Gut Clocks Linked with IBS, GERD, Obesity, and Other GI Concerns
Body Clocks and Weight Management – It’s All About Timing
Saturated Fat Myth – Debunked Again
Powerful Nutrition for Common Chemical Exposures
Endocrine Disruptor Compounds and Natural Solutions
Endocrine Disruptor Compounds and Your Hormones
Low Blood Pressure Linked with Brain Atrophy
Vitamin K, Leptin, AGEs, and Arthritis
Advanced Solutions for Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis: Good Oils versus Bad Oils and Inflammation
High Levels of Omega 6 Fatty Acids Found in Bones of Osteoarthritis Patients Worsens Joint Breakdown
Lipoic Acid Protects the Heart and Immune System from Acute Emotional Stress
Whiplash, Thyroid, and Adrenals
Brain Inflammation Now Documented in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Brain Protective Effects of Proathocyanidins
Nutrient Highlight: Discover the Best Form of Folate
Lutein and Zeaxanthin Offset Gene Weaknesses that Cause Macular Degeneration
Lycopene Builds Its Anti-Prostate Cancer Case
Carotenes Improve the Quality of Semen
Vitamin B12 as Methylcobalamin Repairs Nerves & Lowers Pain
Folic Acid Activates Neural Stem Cells for Brain Rejuvenation
Chromium Improves Insulin Function & Reduces Binge Eating
How Fiber and Niacin Protect Against Colon Inflammation and Cancer
Berries Have Anti-Aging Impact on Immune System
Strawberries Reduce Cardiovascular Risk
Friendly Flora Improves Fatty Liver Disease
Flavonoid Intake Improves Cardio Health in At-Risk Men
Polyphenols and Essential Fatty Acids Reduce Cardio Risk in Overweight People
Vitamin C Reduces the Risk for Hemorrhagic Stroke
Testosterone Therapy Increases Heart Attack Risk
Magnesium Intake Linked to Lower Cardiovascular Inflammation
Q10 Boosts Energy, Nerves, Muscles & Metabolism
Coenzyme Q10 Remarkably Improves Circulation
Tyrosine Helps Maintain Mental Ability Under Stress
Green Tea Extract Lowers Blood Pressure, Cholesterol, Blood Sugar & Inflammation
Poor Flexibility is a Sign of Stiff Arteries
A Sluggish Lymph System Causes Snoring & Sleep Apnea
DHA is Vital to Cardiovascular Wellness
Magnesium Supplements Lower Blood Pressure, Prevent Calcification
Magnesium for the Prevention of Heart Disease
Pomegranate Protects HDL Cholesterol from Damage
Pomegranate Blocks Flu Replication
Tocotrienols:  Twenty Years of Dazzling Cardiovascular and Cancer Research
Is Resveratrol the Fountain of Youth?
Grape Seed Extract Lowers Blood Pressure
Scientists Tout Resveratrol as a Primary Nutrient for Cardio Health
Leptin, Thyroid, and Weight Loss
Excess Appetite Causes Abdominal Fat
Low Energy? Detect Thyroid Related Fatigue
Curcumin Boosts AMPK Activation, Prevents Fatty Liver
Quercetin Activates Mitochondrial Biogenesis
Quercetin Guards Against Inflammation-Induced Bone Loss
Head Injuries Double or Triple the Risk of Early Death
Fatty Fish Consumption Lowers the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes by 33%
Flavonoids Continue to Show Potent Diabetes Prevention
Vitamin K2 Decreases Bone Loss in Postmenopausal Women
Cissus Quadrangularis Enhances Fracture Healing
Cissus Quadrangularis Reduces Exercise-Related Joint Pain
Nobiletin and Tangeretin Help Protect Against Bone Loss
Nobiletin and Tangeretin Inhibit Respiratory Virus
Oregano Oil Inhibits Biofilm Formation
Bromelain Helps Chronic Sinus Inflammation
Curcumin Demonstrates Potent Anti-Flu Properties
Quercetin Protects Brain and Body from Low Oxygen Stress
Ubiquinol Q10 Protects Against Magnified Tissue Injury
Ubiquinol Q10 Protects Eyes of Diabetic Patients
Limonene Promotes Healing of Digestive Lining
Magnesium Intake Reduces Mortality
Fiber is Vital for Cardio Health
Friendly Flora Boosts Weight Loss in Obese Women
Tocotrienols Help Correct Fatty Liver in Humans
Vitamin E Boosts Quality of Life for Alzheimer’s Patients
Astaxanthin Demonstrates Brain Protection & Rejuvenation
Top 10 Health Stories of 2013
Resveratrol’s Amazing Anti-Aging Effect on Circulation
Grape Seed Extract Normalizes Blood Pressure in Mild Hypertension Patients
Don’t Let Bacterial Infections Set Up Shop
Viral Replication Fueled by Sugar


Most Popular News:


Connect with Wellness Resources:

Connect on Facebook Follow us on Twitter Wellness Resources on Pinterest Wellness Resources YouTube Channel Get RSS News Feeds
Telecourse
bookstore
Thyroid and Metabolism
podcast
autoship